Fire Safety Tips


ediaro.com Fire Safety Tips

Prevent Fires Caused by electrical appliances:

1. Replace or repair loose or frayed cords on all electrical devices.

2. If outlets or switches feel warm, shut off the circuit and have them checked by an electrician.

3. Prevent Electrical Fires. Try to avoid overloading extension cords. If you feel an extension cord is necessary, make sure that it is not frayed or worn. Do not place cords and wires under rugs, over nails or in high traffic areas. Immediately shut off and unplug appliances that sputter, spark or emit an unusual smell. Have them professionally repaired or replaced.

Never overload a socket. Overloaded circuits are another big home safety problem. The use of “octopus” outlets or “power bar”, outlet extensions that accommodate several plugs, is strongly discouraged.It’s easy to hook up too many appliances to too little electricity to do the job, but it’s also dangerous. You should always be aware of the power load of all the appliances hooked up to one circuit, and never exceed the capacity. Multi-outlet adapters have their place in homes, but only when used properly. They should never be used for appliances that require a lot of power – try to limit one high-wattage appliance into each individual outlet at a time.

4.    Assure there’s plenty of air space around home entertainment units such as the TV and stereo to avoid overheating.

5. Replace or professionally repair any appliances that spark, smell unusually, or overheat.


Prevent Fires Caused by cooking:

1. Keep things that can burn, such as dishtowels, paper or plastic bags, pot holders and curtains at least three feet away from the range top.

2. Always stay in the kitchen while cooking.

3. Wood and coal stoves, fireplaces, chimneys, and all other solid-fueled heating equipment needs to be inspected annually by a professional and cleaned accordingly.

4. Assure microwaves have enough room to breathe, that all the vents are cleared of obstructions.

5. If there is a microwave fire, keep the door closed and unplug the microwave. Make sure to have the microwave oven serviced before you use it again.

6. If there is an oven fire, keep the door closed and turn off the heat. If the fire doesn’t go out immediately, call the fire service or ask for help around the neighborhood.

7. Before cooking, roll up sleeves and use oven mitts. Loose-fitting clothes can touch a hot burner and catch fire. If your clothes catch on fire, STOP, DROP, and ROLL, while covering your face with your hands.

8. Always stay by the grill when cooking. Your grill may stay hot for a long time. Keep children and pets away.

 

Prevent Fires Caused by Smoking:

1. Use “fire-safe” cigarettes and smoke outside.

2. Use large, deep ashtrays on sturdy surfaces like a table.

3. Douse cigarette and cigar butts with water before dumping them in the trash.

 

Prevent Fires Caused by Candles:

1. Only light candles when an adult is in the room. Do not allow children to keep candles or incense in their rooms.

2. Always use stable, candle holders made of material that won’t catch fire, such as metal, glass, etc.

3. Blow out candles when adults leave the room.

 

 Other fire Safety tips

1. Unplug your hair dryer or any other small appliance in the bathroom when not in use.

2. If you live or work in a high-rise building, locate the fire exits on your floor. If an alarm sounds, remember that you should always use the fire stairs, not the elevator.

3. Agree in advance on an escape plan. There should be at least two exits in every room. Practice an escape plan from every room in the house. Caution everyone to stay low to the floor when escaping from fire and never to open doors that are hot. Select a location where everyone can meet after escaping the house. Get out then call for help.

4. If you wake up and smell smoke, get on the floor and crawl to the nearest fire exit or window.

5. Every Home Should Have at Least One Working Smoke Alarm

Buy a smoke alarm at any hardware or discount store. It’s inexpensive protection for you and your family. Install a smoke alarm on every level of your home. A working smoke alarm can double your chances of survival. Test it monthly, keep it free of dust and replace the battery at least once a year. Smoke alarms themselves should be replaced after ten years of service, or as recommended by the manufacturer.

6. Get rid of stored newspaper or other unnecessary materials. Newspapers stored in a damp, warm place may ignite spontaneously.

7. Parents should remember that children will often try to hide from the fire. Be sure to check all closets and under beds for children during a fire emergency.

8. Install smoke detectors on every level of your home and outside of sleeping areas.

9. Mount a fire extinguisher in the kitchen, garage and workshop.

10. NEVER store flammable items such as wood, petrol, paper, chemicals, or oily and dirty rags near heat sources.

11. In high-rise, never lock fire exits or doorways, halls or stairways. Never prop stairway or other fire
doors open.

12. Make sure windows are not nailed or painted shut.

 

Firefighting Tips

Before deciding to fight a fire, be certain that:

•             The fire is small and not spreading. A fire can double in size within two or three minutes.

•             You have the proper fire extinguisher for what is burning.

•             The fire won’t block your exit if you can’t control it. A good way to ensure this is to keep the exit at your back.

•             You know your fire extinguisher works. Inspect extinguishers once a month for dents, leaks or other signs of    damage. Assure the pressure is at the recommended level. On extinguishers equipped with a gauge, the  needle  should be in the green zone – not too high and not too low.

•             You know how to use your fire extinguisher. There’s no time to read instructions when a fire occurs.

How to Fight a Fire Safely:

•             Always stand with an exit at your back.

•             Stand several feet away from the fire, moving closer once the fire starts to diminish.

•             Use a sweeping motion and aim at the base of the fire.

•             If possible, use a “buddy system” to have someone back you up or call for help if something goes wrong.

•             Be sure to watch the area for awhile to ensure it doesn’t re-ignite.

Never Fight A Fire If:

•             The fire is spreading rapidly. Only use a fire extinguisher when the fire is in its early stages. If the fire is already spreading quickly, evacuate and call the fire department.

•             You don’t know what is burning. Unless you know what is burning, you won’t know what type of fire extinguisher to use. Even if you have an ABC extinguisher, there could be something that will explode or produce highly toxic smoke.

•             You don’t have the proper fire extinguisher. The wrong type of extinguisher can be dangerous or life-threatening.

•             There is too much smoke or you are at risk of inhaling smoke. Seven out of ten fire-related deaths occur from breathing poisonous gases produced by the fire.

Any sort of fire will produce some amount of carbon monoxide, the most deadly gas produced by a fire. Materials such as wool, silk, nylon and some plastics can produce other highly toxic gases such as carbon dioxide, hydrogen cyanide, or hydrogen chloride. Beware – all of these can be fatal.

 


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