Setting up a Small Scale Broilers Poultry



More often than not,one is confronted with the array of news on the alarming rate of unemployment in the country. A ready excuse for not initiating self-employment is the initial capital outlay. But do one need such a huge load of fund before one can start a business? I’ll say no. This article will tell you how you can raise broiler birds with minimal start up capital.Our target here is to raise 50 birds from day old (DOB) to table size (~2kg) using not more than #40,000 (Fourty thousand Naira), this includes cost of the cage.


Cage Design
To design a simple cage, wire nets, roofing pan (used ones), planks etc are necessary. You may decide to hammer them together or employ the service of a carpenter. The cage should have legs of 1.4-1.6ft. The cage dimension should be 7.5 x 7.5 x 3.5ft. This should be partitioned internally to 4 equal chambers of dimension 3.75 x 3.75 x 3.5ft. The internal partitions should be 1/3 wood and 2/3 wire net i.e 1.2ft wood and 2.3ft wire net (so also the external walls) . The roofing pans will be used in roofing the cage. Thereafter the cage should be sprayed with wood varnish and left in the open for at least a week. If electricity will be used for brooding (for heating up the cage during the early weeks of the chicks), the cage should be wired using 60 watt bulb in each chamber.

Cage preparation
4 drinking and 4 feeding troughs should be purchased (medium -size bowls may be used instead). The cage, feeding and drinking materials should be disinfected and sun dried for not less than 24hrs before the arrival of the chicks.Wood shavings should be spread on the cage floor to the height of 0.3-0.5ft, thereafter used newspapers should be spread on the floor of the innermost 2 chambers.It is advisable to arrive early at the chick centre so as to get very healthy stock.

Arrival of the birds
Get at least 1/2 bag of broiler starter, drinkable water, source of  heat, vitamin premix etc available. On arrival, transfer the birds from the carton to the two innermost cages, serve water with vitamin, a few minutes later serve feed using newspaper or tray. Put on heat – use sacks, tapauline or cloth to cover the whole cage. The heat is adequate if they are evenly spread round the cage (with some at the feeders and drinkers).

Daily routine
Change feed and water (introduce feeding trough as from the 4th day).Inspect the birds watching out for dull ones. Separate sick birds from healthy ones.Burn/bury dead birds.

Vaccination and Medication

  • 8th day-First Gumboro
  • 15th day-2nd Gumboro
  • 22nd day-Lasota.

All these vaccines are to be applied in their water. The night before vaccination, the birds may be starved of water or water withdraw at least 4hrs before vaccination.Vaccinate early in the morning using untreated water (well, bore hole, etc). Store vaccine in a cold environment not necessarily iced, do not exceed the stated dosage, bury the vial away from the cage area. Great care must be taken in administering vaccines. Medications such as anti cocci, anti worm etc may
be necessary at one time or the other during the rearing.

What else?
In terms of feed conversion, an average bird is expected to take in 5kg of feed in order to attain 2kg live weight, so it is Broilers1advisable to budget for 10 bags of feed (though this is not to be bought at a go). Broiler starter may be used throughout but for various considerations, starter should be discontinued after the fourth week and Broiler finisher introduced to the birds. The birds should be weighed randomly after every 2 weeks in order to monitor their weight. They should be spread into the cages as they increase in size. At the end of the 4th week, each cage should house birds in order to avoid over crowding. The wood shavings can be changed when it is deemed necessary. If preventive measures are greatly adhered to, 48 birds should reach market size.
At the end of the 8th week,the birds should be ready for the market,then their average weight should not be less than 2kg.

After selling the birds, another rearing may commence after properly preparing the cage. It should be noted that various research (Textbook, Google etc) can be consulted in order to broaden ones knowledge on Broiler rearing for small scale enterprises.



For more Lucrative Business Opportunities in Nigeria, click here for more at

To share this with your family and friends, simply click on the logo of your preferred social network – Facebook, Twitter, Google Plus below.


For over 5 years (a member of Fladio International Nigeria Limited) has provided web solutions and advertising for public and private sectors. Our main division is Computer and Information Technology. Thanks to our flexible approach towards the development of new solutions, we have often been at the inception of digital revolution and incorporating the most recent technologies. When you partner with, you are associating with one of Africa’s best company for your ICT needs, we are the 1st Nigerian Company listed on the Economic Community for West African States (ECOWAS) ECOBIZ computer session in 2010. Focusing on quality, reliability and design of our products and services has brought us customers and partnership with local and Multinational Companies such as United Bank for Africa Plc (UBA), Interswitch Limited, Stanbic IBTC Bank Plc among others. Our current customer portfolio covers individuals, companies and Government agencies across the globe including Nigeria, India, United Kingdom, Mozambique and United States of America.

Share with friends on

16 responses to “Setting up a Small Scale Broilers Poultry”

  1. Thanks for ur efforts at teaching us on how to raise Broilers chicken. I will appreciate it more, if the lecture can be inbox to ne in my email address.

  2. I’m happy to come across this site. I’ve been rearing fowls at subsistence level and haphazardly too. Now, I want to know more about their medication so that I might be able to get them young and at affordable prices. For any assistance, my mail is Thanks

    • Dear Jola,
      Thank you for your interest in No doubt, poultry business is a good business and starting well is the best.

      Please send us an email at, explainging what you want by email, an ediaro SME professional will contact you with with our SME support and training services and rates. We will provide you relevant training services and offer email and telephone support when necessary.

      For more information, call (+234) 080-9502-9999

  3. This is a great website I must commend.. How can I start rearing birds please? Want to start with just 30k how can I go about it thanks..

  4. Thanks for this information. It is what I really need now. You will forever increase in blessings. I don’t mind update via my email sir

    • Hello Esther,
      Thanks for your feedback, we advise your subscribe to our email newsletter for updates and many more investment opportunities.

      Also, our sister company may be worth subscribing to also – dedicated to promoting investment and business development in Nigeria.

  5. great!
    more success.
    thanks so mush for the great encouragement sir.
    am just a starter in this poultry (small scale) farming and I need your help ni sir.
    sir? can you help and give me vaccination and medication program for broiler?

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.